Complete bird list for Cromwell Valley Park

Due to its varied habitat of woods, open fields, farmland, and streams, Cromwell Valley Park is attractive to a large variety of birds. This checklist is based upon the kinds of birds likely to be found in this habitat. Relative abundance of each species in each season is keyed to the following code:

A - Abundant - Likely to be seen in large numbers (Hard to miss)
C - Common - Usually seen in the proper habitat (Should see)
O - Occasional - Seen only a few times during the season (May see)
U - Uncommon - Seen at intervals of 2-5 years (Lucky to find)
R - Rare - Seen at infrequent intervals (Very lucky to find)
* - Indicates known breeders

Photos are available for some species. Click to view! All photos copyright Bill Hubick unless otherwise noted.

Click here for printable PDF version.

Loons, Grebes, and Cormorants    Spring  Summer  Autumn  Winter  Comments
Common Loon U R
Double-crested CormorantU
HeronsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Great Blue HeronO O O
Green Heron R R
Black-crowned Night Heron R R
Yellow-crowned Night Heron R R R
Swans, Geese and DucksSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Tundra Swan O R
Snow Goose R
Canada GooseO O R
Wood Duck R R R
MallardO O O U
Canvasback O O O U
Vultures and HawksSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Black Vulture R R O
Turkey Vulture C C C C
Osprey R R
Bald Eagle O O O O
Northern Harrier U R
Sharp-shinned HawkO C
Cooper's Hawk R U O
Red-shouldered Hawk U O O R
Broad-winged Hawk O O
Red-tailed HawkC O C C
American KestrelO O O O
Merlin R
Peregrine Falcon O O O O
Quails and PheasantsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Northern Bobwhite R
Plovers and SandpipersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Killdeer O R U U
Solitary Sandpiper R R
Spotted Sandpiper R R
Semipalmated Sandpiper R
American WoodcockO O O
GullsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Ring-billed GullO O O O
Herring Gull R R
DovesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Rock Dove (Pigeon) A A A A
Mourning DoveA C C C
CuckoosSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Black-billed Cuckoo U R
Yellow-billed Cuckoo C O U
OwlsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Eastern Screech Owl U U U U
Great Horned Owl O O O O
Barred Owl R R R R
NightjarsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Common Nighthawk O O C
Chuck-will's-widow R
SwiftsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Chimney Swift C C C
HummingbirdsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Ruby-throated Hummingbird C C C
KingfishersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Belted Kingfisher C C C R
WoodpeckersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Red-headed Woodpecker R R
Red-bellied Woodpecker C C C C
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker O C U
Downy Woodpecker C C C C
Hairy Woodpecker U U U U
Northern Flicker C C C O
Pileated Woodpecker U R R U
FlycatchersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Olive-sided Flycatcher R U
Eastern Wood-Peewee C C C
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher U R
Acadian Flycatcher O O U
Willow Flycatcher R
Least Flycatcher R U
Eastern Phoebe C C U
Great Crested Flycatcher U U U
Eastern Kingbird C C C
SwallowsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Purple Martin U U R
Tree SwallowO R O
Northern Rough-winged Swallow O O O
Barn Swallow C C C
Cliff Swallow U R R
Jays and CrowsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Blue JayC C C C
American CrowA C C C
Fish Crow O
Chickadees and TitmiceSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Black-capped Chickadee R R
Carolina ChickadeeC C C C
Tufted Titmouse C C C C
NuthatchesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Red-breasted Nuthatch U U U
White-breasted Nuthatch C C C C
CreepersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Brown Creeper U O C
WrensSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Carolina WrenC C C C
House Wren A A A
Winter Wren R R
KingletsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Golden-crowned KingletC C U
Ruby-crowned KingletC C R
GnatcatchersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher C C C
BluebirdsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Eastern BluebirdC C C
ThrushesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Veery C C C
Gray-cheeked Thrush U U
Swainson's Thrush C C
Hermit ThrushU U R
Wood Thrush C C C
American RobinA A C C
Gray CatbirdC C C R
Northern MockingbirdC C C C
Brown Thrasher O O O
WaxwingsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Cedar Waxwing C C C C
StarlingsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
European StarlingA A A A
VireosSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
White-eyed Vireo O O O
Blue-headed Vireo U U
Yellow-throated Vireo U
Warbling Vireo R
Philadelphia Vireo R
Red-eyed Vireo C A C
WarblersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Blue-winged Warbler O U
Golden-winged Warbler R R
Brewster's Warbler (hybrid) R
Tennessee Warbler C U
Orange-crowned Warbler R
Nashville Warbler U U
Northern Parula C C C
Yellow WarblerC C C
Chestnut-sided Warbler O O
Magnolia Warbler C C
Cape May Warbler U U
Black-throated Blue Warbler C C
Yellow-rumped Warbler C A R
Black-throated Green Warbler C C
Blackburnian Warbler O O
Prairie Warbler U R
Bay-breasted Warbler U R
Blackpoll Warbler C C
Cerulean Warbler R
Black-and-white Warbler C O C
American Redstart C C C
Prothonotary Warbler R
Worm-eating Warbler U R
Ovenbird C C C
Northern Waterthrush R R
Louisiana Waterthrush R
Kentucky Warbler U U
Connecticut Warbler R
Mourning Warbler R U
Common Yellowthroat C C C
Hooded Warbler U U
Wilson's Warbler R R
Canada Warbler O U
Yellow-breasted Chat U
TanagersSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Summer Tanager R
Scarlet Tanager C U O
Cardinals and GrosbeaksSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Northern CardinalC C C C
Rose-breasted Grosbeak O O
Indigo Bunting C C C
TowheesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Eastern Towhee C C C O
SparrowsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
American Tree Sparrow R
Chipping Sparrow C C C
Field Sparrow C C C
Savannah Sparrow R R
Fox Sparrow R R R
Song Sparrow C C C C
Lincoln's Sparrow R R
Swamp Sparrow U U
White-throated Sparrow C C C
White-crowned Sparrow U R R
Dark-eyed Junco C C C
BobolinksSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Bobolink U U
BlackbirdsSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Red-winged Blackbird C C C O
Rusty Blackbird R
Common Grackle C C C U
Brown-headed CowbirdC C C C
OriolesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Orchard Oriole U U
Baltimore OrioleC C C
FinchesSpringSummerAutumnWinterComments
Purple Finch R R R
House Finch C C C C
Pine Siskin R U R
American GoldfinchC C C C
Evening Grosbeak R R
House SparrowC C C C